Wednesday, August 31, 2011

Annotated Bib - Matter

There are three states of matter: solids, liquids, and gases. These states can be easily understood by young children most easily in relation to the weather. Children are often intrigued by the different forms of precipitation and condensation but do not understand the concept. By studying matter through weather and other simple activities, young children will get an idea of the different properties.

Some of the books and activities listed below will help your students better understand this cycle and the idea of solids, liquids, and gases. There are resources for both students and teachers.

Matter is studied throughout Elementary school and beyond. The focus of this blog is for young children and more specifically fits into the 2nd grade Virginia Standards of Learning.

A Drop of Water. By Walter Wicks. Illus. by the author. 1997. 40p. Scholastic Press, (9780590221979). Gr. 1-5.
Walter Wick introduces water as mysterious. He proposes interesting characteristics of water using beautiful photography. He explains water using scientific language that children may begin to understand. This is a more advanced book but teachers can choose excerpts to use during class.

It’s Science! Solid, Liquid, or Gas? By Sally Hewitt. Illus. by the author. 1998. 32p. Children’s Press, (9780516263939). Gr. K-3.
This book introduces solids, liquids, and gases using definitions and simple, everyday objects to help children understand matter. There are questions, explanations, and activities for children throughout the book.

Liquids in My World. By Joanne Randolph. Illus. by the author. 2007. 24p. The Rosen Publishing Group, (9781404284270). Gr. K-3.
Helps children understand what a liquid is, where we see liquids, and helpful vocabulary to go along with understanding liquids.

Splish Splash. By Joan Bransfield Graham. Illus. by Steve Scott. 2001. 40p. Sandpiper, (9780618111237). Gr. K-2.
This is a cute and creative book about the different states of matter using poetry. The words are strewn in with the pictures to emphasize the poems using words.

The Water’s Journey. By Eleonore Schmid. Illus. by the author. 1994. 32p. North-South/Night Sky Books, (9781558583603). Gr. 1-3.
This book paints a picture of water’s journey in the world. It begins with the water falling from the sky, running along rivers and waterfalls to the ocean, and comes full circle with the evaporation and precipitation again.

Web Sites
Fossweb Solids and Liquids
On this page you can find an interactive game for students, common questions and answers related to matter, as well as links to images, movies, audio, and other websites.

PBS Teachers Exploring Weather
Ideas for the classroom and links for students and teachers can be found on this webpage.

This site includes activities for students involving melting ice and boiling water. It also contains an interactive game to help understand the changing states of matter, how to keep an ice cube from melting, and other helpful links for teachers and students.

Second Grade Science Activities
This web page is a great resource for classroom Science activities. There are two activities included which relate to this lesson, one called Puddle Science which studies evaporation, and another called States of Matter in a Baggie which shows students an example of freezing, melting, condensation, and evaporation.

Study Jams! Solids, Liquids, and Gases
This website is helpful for students. It explains what matter is and includes a video, song, quiz, and vocabulary. It also includes a lesson plan and teacher guide to help with teaching matter.

For Teachers
Science Standards of Learning for Virginia Public Schools
2.3 The Student will investigate and understand basic properties of solids, liquids, and gases. Key concepts include
a) identification of distinguishing characteristics of solids, liquids, and gases;
c) changes in phases of matter with the addition or removal of energy.

Background Information from Curriculum Framework
- Matter most commonly occurs in three phases: solids, liquids, and gases.
- Matter can change from one phase to another.
- When matter changes from one phase to another, these changes are referred to as physical changes.
- Changes from solid to liquid to gas require the addition of energy.

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