Addition is the joining of groups or sets of numbers to each other. This method of computation is the first operation that children must learn and understand in order to be able to move on to more complex mathematical methods, such as subtraction, multiplication, and division. Students must not only be be able to recognize the addition symbol, but the terms that can be associated with it; these terms are addition, adding, addends, and sum.
A Fair Bear Share by Stuart J. Murphy. Illus. by John Speirs. 1997. 40pp. HarperCollins, (978-0064467148). Gr. K-2
A series of short stories of the everyday activities of bears and cubs, as they gather seeds, nuts, and berries. This is a great story that allows for children to be interactive. Children must add items together in order to figure out if the bears have enough ingredients to make a pie. This book allows for a great way to tie in counting and adding items in the classroom and while at home.
The Happy Hippos by Liza Charlesworth. Illus. by Daniel J. Mahoney. 2005. 16pp. Scholastic. (978-0439690232). Gr. K-2
This book contains a collection of stories that focus on different numbers and skills. Through this book, children can explore addition in a variety of ways. The book contains various activities, stories, and poems.
Mission: Addition by Loreen Leedy. 1999. 32pp. Holiday House. (978-0823414123). Gr. K-2
In this story, the teacher, Miss Prime teaches her students (animals) to add by having them play detective and invent word problems. This book is separated into six different comic-strip short stories. The book provides a different ways of thinking about addition, while intriguing students to want to do math.
12 Ways to Get to 11 by Eve Merriam. Illus. by Bernie Karlin. 1996. 40pp. Aladdin. (978-0689808920). Gr. K-2
This book, the author uses different numbers in order to reach the sum of 11. The book also provides great pictures that correspond with the numbers that are being added together. Overall, this book is really great for students of various abilities as it provides ways numbers and pictures. This book is also great because it makes students think about all the different numbers that can go into the number 11.
What's New At the Zoo? by Suzanne Slade. Illus. by Joan Waites. 2009. 32pp. Sylvan Dell Publishing, (978-1934359938). Gr. K-2
This is a very neat book that that uses animal families as a method of counting/addition. The book allows children to learn about animals, while also learning about addition. It also includes many colorful pictures throughout the book to add to the story and the overall concept.
This website is a great resource for a variety of addition games that range from a level of beginner to that of advanced. The website also provides games with subtraction, multiplication, and division. In the game, Fruit Shoot, the player can play with a time or just play a relaxed version. There is also options as to what sum you would like to go up to; for this specific topic, the sum of 10 or 20 would be best. When playing this game, students must use the answers on the pieces of fruit to select the right answer to the given equation.
This web activity provides students with the ability to use marbles to solve addition problems. There are five different levels that can be played. Students must be able to complete at least 70% of the problems correctly to play the bonus game at the end and to move to the next level. Overall, this is both a fun and educational activity that provides support to students by allowing them to count with marbles while playing.
This site is a great way for students when working on addition as it allows them to be focused on math so that they can determine the outcome of the game. In order to get a hit with the bat, the student must answer the math problem correctly. The game also has the ability to increase the difficulty of the game if desired. This general website also have many other great links to worksheets and activities for teacher and student use.
This site is a great resource for teachers as it allows for the creation of worksheets and handouts for whole class instruction. The website offers five different options when creating worksheets for addition- basic, advanced, horizontal, addition with more than 2 addends, and addition tables. Overall, this is a great website that teachers can access when working on lesson plans for addition of various levels.
This website provides many addition activities and games that help students to reinforce the knowledge. This specific game, Sum Sense, is cool in the way that you can choose how questions you want to answer and how long you want to answer them. As students master the activity, the time frame could decrease making them have to think about the equation quicker. The game is also neat in the way that the student must drag the numbers into the correct boxes in order to get the answer correct.
Virginia Standards of Learning
1.5- The student will recall basic addition facts with sums to 18 or less and the corresponding subtraction facts.
Background Information from the Curriculum Framework
-Associate the terms addition, adding, addend, and sum with the concept of joining or combining.
-Provide practice in the use and selection of strategies. Encourage students to develop efficient strategies. (one-more-than, two-more-than, doubles, commutative property)
-Math manipulatives should be used to develop an understanding of addition and subtraction facts. Automaticity is achieved through constant practice.
-Students should master facts to 10 first and then master facts to 18.