For my lesson on Matter, I am creating a first grade lesson about water. This lesson will have my students investigating how different materials interact with the liquid, observing separation and dissolution. Students will experiment with various household liquids and solids, using their science notebooks to make predictions and record results.
Activity One: Liquids can Separate in Water
- On the rug we will talk together about what we think liquids are, and what happens will we pour other things into our cups or bowls.
- Then students will meet with their group at a table, notebook in hand, to start the experiment.
- Each table will have a large glass, cooking oil, honey, and red dye, and water.
- Students will make predictions about what will happen to the liquids will poured into the glass (will it sink, float, mix, or dissolve).
- After observing action, students will record results.
- Then have students drop in a penny, macaroni noodle, and lego, predicting what will happen.
- Discuss findings.
Activity Two: Solids can Dissolve in Water
- Each table will have a glass of water, drink mix, cereal, candy, antacid, and pop rocks.
- Have students make predictions and drop items into glass.
- Record results
- Discuss findings
Activity Three: Solids Dissolve More Readily in Hot Water
- Have students gather at one table (where you have a bowl of hot water, a bowl of cold water, and candy).
- Make predictions about which bowl will aid the candy in dissolving more quickly.
- Discuss findings
- Have students return to desks to clean, record results and draw pictures of experiments.
This topic had fewer books available, but I included some about water, solids, and liquids.
Change it!: Solids, Liquids, Gases, and You. By Adrienne Mason. Illus. by Claudia Davila. 2006. 32p. Kids Can Press, (9781553378389) Gr. K-2.
This book contains not only information about matter, but also activity ideas.
Liquids. By Ben Morgan. Illus. by . 2003. 24 p. Blackbirch Press, (1410300846). Gr. K-2.
This is a great book to explain further the concept discussed in class.
Matter. By Darlene Stille. Illus. by Sheere Boyd. 2006. 24 p. Picture Window Books, (9781404803442) Gr. K-2.
This book is great for struggling students, because the format is very basic.
Science with Water. By Helen Edom. 2007. 24 p. Usborne Pub. Ltd., (9780794514846) Gr. K-2.
This book contains some great water related activities, with colorful illustrations.
Water, Water Everywhere. By Mark J. Rauzon. Illus. by Cynthia Overbeck Box. 1994. 32 p. Sierra Book Club for Children, (0871565986) Gr. K-2.
I like this book because it shows how important water is in our lives. It gives children a larger view of this liquid, through photographs of water in various places.
What is a Liquid. By Jennifer Boothroyd. 2007. 23 p. Lerner Classroom, (9780822568179) Gr. K-2.
I think this book is a good addition to the classroom because it is one that the students can read on their own, to help them better understand the words discussed on the topic.
(Temperature and Pressure Effects on Solubility)
This website is a good teacher resource. Although it is not super thorough, the site provides some facts and charts about the effects pressure and temperature have on solubility. This was a good refresher for me.
This website was a helpful guide towards activities and experiments because you could search by subject. It provided a variety of topics from which to search. This experiment making chocolate leaves was intriguing to me. I would like to modify the project so that we could eat out finished products.
This website is one where advanced students can read further into the subject discussed and then take a quiz on the material provided.
(Can you fill it?)
This games has the student fill a large bucket with water, by choosing the fewest amount of little buckets to fill it.
(Solids, Liquids, and Gases)
This is a two part game that introduces gases. This game could be a great tool for introducing this topic to an advanced student. This first has students sort by property, and the second part has the students add heat and cold to liquids and gases to see how it changes.
For this lesson, I used the Science SOL 1.3 as my guide.
1.3 The student will investigate and understand how different common materials interact with water. Key concepts include:
a) some liquids will separate when mixed with water, but others will not;
b) some solids will dissolve in water, but others will not; and
c) some substances will dissolve more readily in hot water than in cold water.
Understanding the Standard
- Different types of materials act differently when mixed with water.
- Some liquids will mix with water, while others will not.
- Some solids will dissolve in water, while others will not.
- The temperature of the water affects how easily a substance will dissolve in it.