Counting is identifying the units or total units. Learning to count is a process, and starts with rote counting. Rote counting is counting without understanding the value of the numbers. Once a child learns this they will better understand rational counting in which they understand the last number they count is the total quantity.

**Books**

There are so many books on counting. The books listed below offer entertaining illustrations and clever rhyme schemes that make learning to count fun. The books listed in this blog are introductory, and best used in preK- Grade 1.

Eight Silly Monkeys. By Steven Haskamp. 2007. 18p. Piggy Toes Press, (9781581175776). Gr. preK-2. "Eight Silly Monkeys" offers a fun spin to counting backwards. The touchable monkeys help readers count back from eight as the monkeys disappear from page to page.

A Frog In the Bog. By Karma Wilson. Illus. by Joan Rankin. 2003. 32p. Margaret K. McElderly Books, (9780689840814). Gr. preK-1. This book is an entertaining read for kids. The illustrations combined with the clever wording help readers learn to count to ten.How Do Dinosaurs Count to Ten? By Jane Yolen. Illus. by author. 2004. 12p. Blue Sky Press, (9780439649490). Gr. K-1. This books helps children learn to count to ten with great illustrations and rhyme schemes. The repetative nature of this book reinforces the concepts of counting.

Sunny Numbers. By Carole Crane. Illus. by Jane Monroe Donvavon. 2001. 40p. Sleepin Bear Press, (9781585360505). Gr. k-2. "Sunny Numbers" not only educates students on basic counting, but also provides educational information on the sunny state of Florida.

Ten Little Ladybugs. By Melanie Gerth. Illus. by Laura Huliska-Beith. 2007.22p. Piggy Toes Press, (9781581175783). Gr. preK-1. The colorful illustrations, and hands on ladybugs immediately grab a young readers attention. "Ten Little Ladybugs" uses a rhyme scheme to help reinforce counting.

**Websites**

Count By a Number.

This site allows students to chose a number to count by and pushes you to count as high and far as you can!

Counting Animals. This site compliments the suggested books above very well. Count the objects on the page, and check your answer.

Go Bananas!

Help the monkey decide what to eat for lunch, and count the bananas as he eats them. He will help double check your answer.

Lilypad Counting.

This interactive game will ask students to pick the next highest number. This site challenges students to count starting from a different numeral then one.

One False Move.

This site is geared towards students in Gr. 1-2. Pick a level and count from lowest to highest or highest to lowest.

**For Teachers**

*VA Standards for Learning*

K.1 The student, given two sets, each containing 10 or fewer concrete objects, will identify and describe one set as having more, fewer, or the same number of members as the other set, using the concept of one-to-one correspondence.

K.2 The student, given a set containing 15 or fewer concrete objects, will

a) tell how many are in the set by counting the number of objects orally;

b) write the numeral to tell how many are in the set; and

c) select the corresponding numeral from a given set of numerals.

*Backround Information and Curriculum Framework*

- A one-to-one correspondence exists when two sets have an equal number of items.
- Strategies for developing the concept of one-to-one matching involve set comparisons without counting. Hands-on experiences in matching items between two sets by moving, touching, and aligning objects, using one-to-one correspondence, enable visual as well as kinesthetic comparisons of the number of items in the two sets.

- Students can also count to make comparisons between two sets without matching the sets, using one-to-one correspondence.

- Counting involves two separate skills: verbalizing the list of standard number words in order (“one, two, three, ¼”) and connecting this sequence with the objects in the set being counted, using one-to-one correspondence. Association of number words with collections of objects is achieved by moving, touching, or pointing to objects as the number words are spoken. Objects may be presented in random order or arranged for easy counting.

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